Life in Sodom and Gomorrah: the world's largest digital dump

时间:2019-09-01  作者:祖绥位  来源:365体育投注 - 首页Welcome  浏览:87次  评论:92条

No one knows when began. The slum city in south Ghana didn’t exist when the capital of the Gold Coast was from to . It’s likely the settlement started when traders began transforming shop kiosks into makeshift homes, and soon a population of established a sprawling the slum, which in known to many by its nickname, Sodom and Gomorrah.

Photograph: Asare Adjei

Sodom and Gomorrah has also become known as , where millions of electronic waste products from the west are legally and illegally processed each year. When old computers first began arriving in west Africa, Ghanaians thought they were sent to help bridge the , as exporters exploited loopholes by labelling junk computers ''. But slowly tonnes of e-waste piled up on this once green area, and transformed it into a global graveyard for electronic equipment.

Photograph: Asare Adjei

Each day, workers clear the area through intense heat radiating from burning computers, iPods, radios and televisions. Acrid, black smoke drifts over the huts of the slum wasteland. The nearby like used oil, as it carries empty computer cases toward the ocean. Fires blaze and consume the plastic material from cables, plugs and motherboards, leaving only metal behind. This is then collected and sold by the locals.

Photograph: Asare Adjei

Approximately 50,000 low-income inhabitants have , from across Ghana. Many of the villagers find themselves trapped in the vicious cycle of poverty, where the old and young toil side by side. Many barely make enough money from a day's work to cover a basic meal. Often the choice facing them is between paying for accommodation or food.

Photograph: Asare Adjei

Women and children cook circuit boards to salvage the computer chips, which have trace amounts of gold. Motherboards and other circuitry are cooked each day, mostly by the women, who breathe in the poisonous fumes.

Some of the young children burn old foam on top of computers to melt away the plastic, leaving behind scraps of copper and iron that they collect to sell. Some of these children travelled to Accra by themselves, hoping to earn money to help their families in the villages. Many of them are orphans or have been abandoned. Exposure is hazardous to children, as these toxins inhibit the development of the brain, nervous system and reproductive system.

Photograph: Asare Adjei

There are no permanent structures in Sodom and Gomorrah, and no planning permission is required to put up temporary structures, often made of wood or paper. In 2013, and many inhabitants were killed. There are no water or sewerage systems in the area.