Syria conflict: rebels withdraw from Salahedin, Aleppo - Thursday 9 August 2012

时间:2019-08-08  作者:昝除嘏  来源:365体育投注 - 首页Welcome  浏览:124次  评论:25条

Summary of the latest developments

The Guardian's Martin Chulov says they have withdrawn all their main fighting units from the Salahedin district.

He replaces Omar Ghalawanji who was appointed as caretaker prime minister in the wake of Monday's defection of Riyad Hijab.

Egyptian Nobel laureate Mohamed ElBaradei is reported to have turned down an offer to replace Kofi Annan as international envoy on .

In Lebanon, former MP and cabinet minister Michel Samaha – a prominent ally of the Syrian regime – has been arrested over a "sensitive" matter related to "security"

President Assad's chief of protocol has appeared in a video denying the FSA's claim earlier today that he had defected – though he said he had been in Lebanon receiving medical treatment.

"Although the pilots seemed to know where the rebel bases were, their fire was often indiscriminate," a Reuters reporter said.

Representatives from Russia and China are believed to be attending.

Speaking at the Council on Foreign Relations, John Brennan, Obama's senior counter-terrorism adviser, said: "I don't recall the president ever saying that anything is off the table."

Updated

'Syrian pressure' over arrest

The Assad regime is pressing Lebanon’s judiciary and President Michel Suleiman to release former information minister Michel Samaha, who was arrested earlier today, , citing "a well-informed source".

The source also said that the Syrian regime demanded that Samaha be cleared of all charges filed against him.

The detained minister is considered to be close to Syria's embattled regime.

Furthermore, the source told Now that the security forces also pursued other people close to Samaha, but that some of them had fled to Syria.

Protocol chief denies defection

The video below appears to show Muhi al-Din Maslamani, President Assad's chief of protocol, denying earlier today that he had defected.

However, he does say in the video that he was in Beirut receiving medical treatment when the reports surfaced, and that he cut short his treatment and hurried back to Damascus.

ElBaradei turns down Syria role

The Egyptian Nobel laureate Mohamed ElBaradei has turned down an offer to replace Kofi Annan as international envoy on Syria, according to Nabil Abi Saab, author of the

There was speculation that Nordic candidate, such as one of the former would get the job.


Veteran diplomat and former Algerian foreign minister has also been suggested, according to .

Nabil Abi Saab (@NabilAbiSaab)

Confirmed: ElBaradei refused to take the job (special envoy for Syria). He is now in Germany, having knee operation.

Good riddance to the FSA in Salahedin?

Fadi Salem, who is from Aleppo but is now , bids good riddance to the Free Syrian Army in Salahedin.

Salem, who claims to be in regular contact with the city, said the rebels were .

He used his to suggest the rebels have wrecked promising signs of emerging civic society in the city.

They have also imposed.

Fadi Salem (@FadiSalem)

The real heros in Aleppo (ignored by media) are those who have been working for 1000s of internal refugee relief non-stop for weeks

Fadi Salem (@FadiSalem)

Question on Aleppo: Will we regain momentum for the magnificent civil society movement by students, lawyers, doctors after FSA left?

Fadi Salem (@FadiSalem)

FSA withdrawal from Salaheddin 1 day after Syrian army officially launched its offensife confirms FSA didn't enjoy local support in

Updated

Chulov's latest dispatch from near Aleppo

Martin Chulov confirms the rebels' withdrawal from Salahedin. :

The Free Syrian Army has withdrawn all its main fighting units from its stronghold in the war-ravaged suburb of Salahedin in southern Aleppo.

The withdrawal was ordered just after sunrise on Thursday after a night of intensive shelling from planes and tanks on all three rebel frontlines. Commanders in Aleppo claimed the pullout was tactical and said a small force had remained behind to oppose any advance by regime forces.

However, the rebel move seems to mark a significant moment in the fight for control of southern Aleppo – which has raged for more than two weeks, claiming several hundred casualties – and laid the rest of the city to siege.

Shelling intensified on Thursday in other parts of 's second city, which had notionally been held by the FSA since it secured its foothold in Salahedin in late July.

The regime push had been widely expected earlier this week and rebels had vowed to defend their ground. However, commanders said the intensity of the shelling had meant their fighters now had too few opportunities to take cover.

Smoke rises from a building in Salahedin district, Aleppo. Reuters/Shaam News.
Smoke rises from a building in Salahedin district, Aleppo. Reuters/Shaam News.

Updated

Latest on Aleppo

A rebel commander told AFP that .

Hossam Abu Mohammad, said:

We have staged a tactical withdrawal from Salaheddin. The district is completely empty of rebel fighters. Regime forces are now advancing into Salahedin.


Some rebels are surrounded activists have told reporter James Foley.

James W. Foley (@jfoleyjourno)

activist just returned from Salahadine saw some soldiers on main street, almost all FSA pulled back, a few groups surrounded

Turkish journalist Ihan Tanir, who is in Aleppo, says rebels remain in control of .

ilhan tanir (@WashingtonPoint)

FSA left Selahaddin, Seyful Devlu, but not Bustanil Qasir and other areas.. earlier panic is now dissappearing..

Interview with Fatah brigade

Our colleague Mona Mahmood has been talking via Skype to Abu al-Qa'aqa, spokesman for the Fatah brigade in Aleppo. This is what he said:

I have just come out of Salahedin district in Aleppo to bring five martyrs from the Fatah brigade who were killed in the battles today and will be back soon. These martyrs are from Tel Rifaat town, 30km from Aleppo.

We are under heavy shooting by warplanes now. The shooting against the town started three days ago, a shell fell yesterday on one of the houses and killed 10 people. Their bodies were dismembered.

Today the warplanes are hitting the south-east part of Tel Rifaat. Every day two warplanes are coming here to bomb the town but they get very busy at night, beside the shooting which is coming from the airport here.

The population of Tel Rifaat is only 30,000 people but a lot of the people in Aleppo came here to escape the battles there. A large number of FSA from Tel Rifaat went to Aleppo to fight with the rebels there. That is why the Syrian army is shooting at the town. It is a sort of revenge for our support of the rebels there. Most of the men in the town here went to Aleppo to fight.

We went to Aleppo with a formation named al-Fatah. The Syrian army tried to break into Salahedin but they could not. We were able to blow up an armoured vehicle at sunset yesterday, but we have lost many martyrs in Salahedin today because of the heavy shooting by the Syrian army's warplanes and mortars.

The Syrian army started to shoot the walls [of buildings] to get through and advance in Salahedin rather than fight face to face in the streets. The Syrian army was coming forward in Salahaddine by blowing up buildings and taking them as bases.

The Syrian army have deployed snipers on the top of buildings. We were completely surprised to find such a large number of snipers deployed in the morning, and they cost us a lot of martyrs.

We have confiscated a lot of weapons out of the battle we had lately in Andan. We are using them in Aleppo. The most powerful weapons we have are RPGs.

The FSA have pulled out of Street 15 in Salahedin today. We have retreated towards the park near Saad mosque. As soon as we left to take the martyrs to Tel Rifaat another brigade came to take our place. They belong to the Tawheed brigade.

Denial from 'defector'?

Following yesterday's debacle when a Russian general appeared on TV denying that he has been assassinated, it looks as though President Assad's head of protocol may shortly be denying :

♕The 47th♕ (@THE_47th)

Syrian State TV: we will soon air a statement from Chief of Presidential Protocols Muheddine Musalmany who denies his defection.

Rebel video of Salahedin

Aleppo's rebel Tawheed brigade has released video claiming to .

Updated

Summary

Abu Ali, a rebel commander, said: "There have been some withdrawals of Free Syrian Army fighters from Salahedin."

It claimed that the "purging" of Salahedin was continuing. The rebel Tawheed Unity brigade in Aleppo said it had

He replaces Omar Ghalawanji who was appointed as caretaker prime minister in the wake of Monday's defection of Riyad Hijab.

"Although the pilots seemed to know where the rebel bases were, their fire was often indiscriminate," a Reuters reporter said.

Representatives from Russia and China are believed to be attending.

There was speculation he was leaning towards a Nordic candidate, such as one of the former Finnish presidents Tarja Halonen or Martti Ahtisaari.

Speaking at the Council on Foreign Relations, John Brennan, Obama's senior counter-terrorism adviser, said: "I don't recall the president ever saying that anything is off the table."

Updated

Medical repression

With the promotion of health minister Wael al-Halki to the post of prime minister today, it's worth recalling last October about abuses in the Syrian health service.

The Syrian authorities have turned hospitals and medical staff into instruments of repression in the course of their efforts to crush the unprecedented mass protests and demonstrations that have wracked the country since March 2011.

People wounded in protests or other incidents related to the uprising have been verbally abused and physically assaulted in state-run hospitals, including by medical staff, and in some cases denied medical care, in gross breach of medical ethics, and many of those taken to hospital have been detained.

As casualties from the current unrest have mounted, so President Bashar al-Assad’s government has intensified its hunt for the wounded, who are generally deemed to be opponents and outlaws ...

In Homs, one of Syria’s major cities and governorates, government security forces have obstructed ambulances on their way to pick up wounded people and when ferrying the wounded to hospital, threatened Syrian Arab Red Crescent (SARC) workers with violence or detention and interrogated wounded patients while they were still being conveyed in ambulances.

They have ordered all those with firearm or other injuries related to the unrest to be directed to the military hospital, which is controlled by the Ministry of Defence, and such patients have been treated effectively as detainees while in hospital and held incommunicado.

Syria's new prime minister

Wael al-Halki, Syria's third prime minister in a week, is reported to be - scene of the beginning of the Syrian uprising last March.

AP says:

The 48-year-old held the post of secretary general of the Daraa branch of the Baath party from 2000-2004. He was appointed head of the doctors' syndicate in 2010.

Syrian journalist Hassan Hassan speculates that the size of al-Halki's family played a part in his appointment - as this will make it more difficult for him to defect.

Hassan Hassan (@hhassan140)

new PM, Wael Halqi, has a daughter & three sons. Posts now hinge on how many children one has & whether they're within regime's hands

Syria's new prime minister Wael al-Halki. Photograph: EPA/Youssef Badawi.
Syria's new prime minister Wael al-Halki. Photograph: EPA/Youssef Badawi.

Updated

Assad appoints new prime minister

State TV has announced that President Assad has appointed his health minister Wael al-Halki to replace the prime minister Riyad Hijab who defected this week.

On Monday the state news agency reported that caretaker prime minister .


The Washington Post has an account of the .

He only made it to Jordan on Wednesday after his spokesman claimed he had fled on Monday.

Updated

FSA pulls out of two Aleppo districts

James Foley, who has been reporting from Aleppo for the Global Post, says rebels have pulled out of two districts.

Yesterday Foley made this .

James W. Foley (@jfoleyjourno)

pulling out Salahadin and Bustan al Qasr under heavy air attacks

An .

"The FSA has withdrawn from two streets where there has been fighting in recent days," said Hossam Abu Mohammed, commander of the Dara al-Shahbaa Brigade. "The fighters are withdrawing to [nearby] Sukari district, where they are preparing a counter attack against the army."

"A large number of civilians were killed, as were some 40 rebels," said Abu Mohammed. "Forty buildings have been flattened."

Another FSA commander in Salaheddin confirmed that the rebels are staging a tactical withdrawal.

"We will open new fronts in Saif al-Dawla and Mashhad districts," to the east of Salahedin, said the FSA's Wassel Ayub.

Al-Jazeera Arabic's reporter in Salahedin suggests it is more than partial.

Rula Amin (@RulaAmin)

AJA reporter in salaheldin says FSA withdrews from salaheldin district in

Update: Martin Chulov says one rebel unit remains in Salahedin.

Martin Chulov (@martinchulov)

Have seen one of the units that left Salahedin, Katiba al-Ansar. Theysay 1 unit still there. Has withdrawn deep inside suburb

Updated

'Horribly indiscriminate' rockets

Interesting below the line, about the for air strikes:

The aircraft pictured seems to be firing unguided rockets from wing-mounted pods – the equivalent of the old 2.75" designs used by Nato. These are highly inaccurate – they've been pretty much withdrawn from the Nato inventory in favour of laser and other guided designs.

Used from about 1,000 feet altitude, they've a "Circular Error Probability" of about 100 metres – that is 50% will hit with a 100 metre diameter circle around the aiming point. If they're being used against urban targets, that's horribly indiscriminate.

Updated

Rebels pull back in Aleppo

Latest from Martin Chulov:

Martin Chulov (@martinchulov)

Confirmed. FSA withdrawing from two frontlines in salahedin . Regime troops yet to enter.

Martin Chulov (@martinchulov)

FSA claiming withdrawal from salahedine is 'tactical'. Comes after night of intense shellfire & ground clashes on outskirts

Aleppo rebels want no-fly zone

Rebels in Aleppo are clamouring for a no-fly zone, Martin Chulov reports from the outskirts of the city after witnessing the most intense aerial bombardment of the area so far.

In a telephone update he said:

Every rebel unit that we have any contact with are saying ‘we don’t need troops, all we need are heavy weapons and/or a no-fly zone, if we had a no-fly zone we could make this work’. They are terrified of jets and of helicopters. They are variables that cannot be controlled. The rebel headquarters in north-east Aleppo has had to move twice now because of being bombed by jets. Its current location is hardly a secret and they remain very vulnerable to the MiGs that are flying above them, on a daily basis - even on an hourly basis.

Rebels in Aleppo want no-fly zone after most intense aerial bombardment yet @martinchulov reports (mp3)

Martin said rebel strongholds in Aleppo, notably Salahedin, had been repeatedly hit this morning, but ground troops do not appear to have entered.

There has been very intensive shelling in the north-east, part of the east, and certainly Salahedin, which is being absolutely pounded this morning. But we are reasonably certain the regime forces have not entered Salahedin at this point. The shell fire continues which would make it very difficult for their troops to advance.

Martin witnessed tanks shelling Salahedin on the frontline yesterday. He said: “Tanks are playing a pivotal role ... We saw two that were hit, one was still smoking. The FSA have been targeting the tanks - they pose a very lethal threat to them.”

Rebels have not managed to capture tanks in Salahedin but they have seized ammunition, he added. However, other supplies are running low.

They seem to be reasonably well positioned in terms of ammunition because they have been able to capture a lot in Salahedin from regime forces. Water, basic food, [and] medicine are an issue at the frontlines and other parts of the city.

There is going to come a time, in the next week or so, when the humanitarian situation in Aleppo may deteriorate. There aren’t any resupplies reaching the city, so they are basically getting by on what they had in store.

The borders to Turkey are also open now. Supplies can ostensibly get through that way, but we have not seen any evidence of that happening.

That’s a situation that will need to be addressed very quickly. There will need to be some safe lines opened up into the north-east of the city, which is still being menaced by jets and shelling from the outskirts.


The regime still fears sending in ground troops because they are concerned they will defect, Martin said.

It’s an issue that keeps on coming up. Defectors said there were hundreds more of their colleagues who were more than willing to defect if they could only find the opportunity to do so. These guys said if the regime infantry entered the city it would provide the potential defectors the chance to ditch their uniforms and blend into the suburbs. That’s one of the reasons the regime continues to stand back. The other reason is that the shelling is taking a considerable toll on morale of the FSA.

Speaking about his own safety, after withdrawing overnight to a town outside Aleppo, Martin said:

This morning is the most intensive period since I’ve been here. Was it really worth staying under shell fire just to report how dangerous it was? That narrative has been pretty well established by now. It is a big enough city to hide in, but if it gets any more intensive than this I think the few colleagues that do remain in Aleppo would probably want to reconsider where they locate themselves.

Overnight and this morning Martin witnessed similar

We stayed outside of Aleppo last night, and the jets were bombing where we were. We were roughly that distance [23 miles] from the city but in another town. It seem to be bombing more to intimidate rather than strike any military objective.

Updated

Explaining the failure of diplomacy

Apportioning blame for the failure to find a diplomatic solution in Syria is useless, but it is worth stating for the record who was responsible, the Guardian's Middle East editor Ian Black writes in .

The cartoon book claim that "the west" (conspiring with compliant Arabs) has malevolently blocked an agreement that a principled Russia tirelessly supported does not stand up to scrutiny ...

In June, Annan decided to try to jump-start a political transition. In his draft statement of principles for the Geneva conference on 30 June, the key passage sought the widest possible consensus on forming a unity government in Damascus – a negotiated way out of the escalating confrontation. The language he proposed was deliberately vague and fudged the burning question of whether Assad had to go. It was a model of diplomatic ambiguity that could mean different things to different people but – perhaps – serve as a basis for movement. Russia rejected it.

The final Geneva text was even blander, accommodating Moscow's objections to say that a transitional unity government could be formed by "mutual consent". Annan hailed the agreement. But the truth was that it gave Assad and his supporters a veto over their own departure ...

In mid-July Britain drafted a new UN resolution that repeated the call for a "Syrian-led political process" (language supported by Russia). Nowhere did it advocate "forced regime change" as the blame-the-west brigade falsely claims. It was tabled under chapter 7 of the UN charter to trigger sanctions in the event of noncompliance with Annan's plan – specifically the withdrawal of heavy weapons. It used article 41, which excludes military action. Russia and China vetoed the resolution. The US, Britain and France supported it. Pakistan and South Africa, non-permanent members of the council, abstained. India, not part of the nefarious "west", was among the 11 others that supported it.

Pro-Syria ex-minister arrested in Lebanon

Lebanon is buzzing this morning with the news that former MP and cabinet minister Michel Samaha, a prominent ally of the Syrian regime, has been arrested over a "sensitive" matter related to "security".

The Daily Star says 64-year-old Samaha was when security forces arrived at his home in Metn at 2am. A second home in Beirut was also raided.

Lebanese media are suggesting the arrest may be linked to an alleged plot , a member of parliament.

The latest report says his driver was also arrested.

LBCI News English (@LBCI_News_EN)

BREAKING: Security forces finish searching Samaha’s house in al-Jwar, arrest his driver Fares Barakat.

The move is causing some surprise and a lot of interest, since arrests of politicians in Lebanon are extremely rare.

Richard Colebourn (@rcolebourn)

鉴于黎巴嫩政客很少受到严重安全指控的质疑,时间安排